Last Updated on July 7, 2021 CareOurEarth
Date: Sunday, 11 July 2021, 32nd Anniversary.
Sponsor: United Nations
World Population Day aims to draw attention of public towards the urgency and importance of global population issues, and to promote people’s awareness on the health, development, and environmental impacts of rapid population growth.
One hundred years ago, world population were no more than 2 billion. Nowadays, there are more than 7.8 billion people over the world. Every year, about 83 million people are being added to the world’s population. It is expected that world population will reach 8.6 billion by 2030, 9.8 billion by 2050, and 10.9 billion in 2100, which will put a great burden on natural resources.
Population issues include but are not limited to population growth, family planning, marriage and reproduction, maternal health, gender equality, poverty, and human rights.
Inception of World Population Day:
World Population Day was held for the first time on 11 July 1990.
In 1989, World Population Day was officially established by the Governing Council of the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP decision 89/46 15, A/RES/45/216). It was inspired by the public interest in the approximate date on which the world’s population reached five billion people – observed on 11 July 1987. The Day was suggested by Dr. K.C.Zachariah when he worked as Sr Demographer at World Bank.
Annual Theme of World Population Day:
This year, the theme of World Population Day is “Rights and choices are the answer: Whether baby boom or bust, the solution to shifting fertility rates lies in prioritizing the reproductive health and rights of all people”
The theme of World Population Day 2020 is “How to safeguard the health and rights of women and girls”. The focus is on “the sexual and reproductive health needs and vulnerabilities of women and girls.”
In 2019 specific theme was not decided for the World Population Day, but the UN calls for global attention to the unfinished business of the 1994 International Conference on Population and Development, where 179 governments recognized that reproductive health and gender equality are essential for achieving sustainable development. During 12-14 November 2019, UNFPA, together with the governments of Kenya and Denmark, had convened a summit in Nairobi to accelerate efforts to achieve these unmet goals.
2018 and earlier
In 2018, the World Population Day focus on the theme “Family Planning is a Human Right”.
2017 theme: “Family Planning: Empowering People, Developing Nations”
2016 theme: “Investing in Teenage Girls”
2015 theme: “Population is dangerous in Emergencies.”
2014 theme: “There is a time to reflect as per the population problems and in young people to get invested in.”