Date: Monday, 11 July 2022, 33rd Anniversary.
Sponsor: United Nations
The World Population Day is annually observed for the following purposes:
- to draw attention of public towards the urgency and importance of global population issues, and
- to promote people’s awareness on the health, development, and environmental impacts of rapid population growth.
One hundred years ago, world population were no more than 2 billion. Nowadays, there are more than 7.8 billion people over the world. Every year, about 83 million people are being added to the world’s population. It is expected that world population will reach 8.6 billion by 2030, 9.8 billion by 2050, and 10.9 billion in 2100, which will put a great burden on natural resources.
Population issues include but are not limited to population growth, family planning, marriage and reproduction, maternal health, gender equality, poverty, and human rights.
The World Population Day was held for the first time on 11 July 1990.
In 1989, the World Population Day was established by the Governing Council of the United Nations Development Programme through a resolution (A/RES/45/216). It was inspired by the public interest in the approximate date on which the world’s population reached five billion people – observed on 11 July 1987. The Day was suggested by Dr. K.C.Zachariah when he worked as Sr Demographer at World Bank.
Annual theme in recent years:
2022 theme: “A world of 8 billion: towards a resilient future for all – harnessing opportunities and ensuring rights and choices for all.”
2021 theme: “The impact of the Covid-19 pandemic on fertility.”
2020 theme: “How to safeguard the health and rights of women and girls.”
2019 theme: 25th anniversary of the International Conference on Population and Development, no specific theme.
2018 theme: “Family planning is a human right.”
2017 theme: “Family planning: empowering people, developing nations.”
2016 theme: “Investing in teenage girls.”