Date: Saturday, 5th December 2020; 7th Anniversary.
Sponsor: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO)
Soil is one of the most significant parts of the ecosystem. Around 95% of our food comes from soils. Soil is home to more than 1/4 of earth’s biodiversity, yet we know only 1% of this universe. Soil organisms help soils store carbon, nurture plants, degrade contaminants, and reduce GHG emissions. Nowadays, soil biodiversity is under pressure worldwide since unsustainable soil management has affected life belowground. Actions should be taken to protect soil biodiversity!
The main purpose of World Soil Day is “to celebrate the importance of soil as a critical component of the natural system and as a vital contributor to the human commonwealth through its contribution to food, water and energy security and as a mitigator of biodiversity loss and climate change”.
In other words, World Soil Day aims to “raise awareness of the importance of maintaining healthy ecosystems and human well-being by addressing the growing challenges in soil management, fighting soil biodiversity loss, increasing soil awareness and encouraging governments, organizations, communities and individuals around the world to commit to proactively improving soil health”.
Inception: It was first officially held on 5 December 2014
In 2002, the International Union of Soil Sciences (IUSS) made a resolution proposing that 5 December be marked as World Soil Day to celebrate the importance of soil as a critical component of the natural system and as a vital contributor to human well-being.
In June 2013, the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the UN Conference unanimously endorsed World Soil Day. In December 2013, the 68th UN General Assembly adopted a resolution (A/RES/68/232), officially declaring 5 December as the World Soil Day. The date of 5 December was chosen because it corresponds with the birthday of H.M. King Bhumibol Adulyadej, King of Thailand, who was one of the main proponents of this initiative.
Annual theme of the World Soil Day:
2020: “Keep soil alive, Protect soil biodiversity”
2019: “Stop soil erosion, Save our future”
2018: “Be the Solution to Soil Pollution”
2017: “Caring for the Planet starts from the Ground”
2016: “Soils & Pulses: Symbiosis for life”
2015: “Healthy soils for a healthy life”